Advanced Placement (AP)


AP 2-D Art and Design (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C762XF/C762XS            2 Semesters            2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Seniors only, by permission of the instructor, with a recommendation of six to eight previous art classes with a grade average of “B” or better.

Course Description:
Create a 2D Design portfolio focused on the Quality, Concentration, and Breadth of work produced: Concentration developed through the investigation of concepts, issues, and personal themes and subject matter, Breadth represented through experimentation and development through various art solutions, Quality presented through five strongest works. Must exhibit personal maturity and independent work habits, and accept the committed challenge of a rigorous studio art program. Along with the chance to receive college credit and/or advanced placement for college, develop artistic skills while preparing a portfolio of art for college or work. AP portfolio exam submissions are required, conducted through formal evaluations according to national standards of performance.

*Course Fee*


AP 3-D Art and Design (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C765XF/C765XS            2 Semesters            2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Seniors only. Taken by permission of the instructor in one of the fine arts and by the Vice Principal for Research and Curriculum. A regimen of six to eight classes within or related to the fine arts will be recommended by the supervising instructor. The student must have maintained a grade average of “B” or better in these classes. He/she will also exhibit personal maturity, independence in study/ learning and an interest in pursuing a fine arts career. A self-promotional portfolio is the culminating project for each student. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This portfolio is intended to address sculptural issues as related to depth and space. Design involves purposeful decision making about how to use the elements and principles of art in an integrative way. For this portfolio, students are asked to demonstrate proficiency of 3-D design through any three-dimensional approach, including, but not limited to, figurative or nonfigurative work that makes use of (appropriates) other artists’ works (including photographs) and/or published images must show substantial and significant development beyond duplication.

*Course Fee*


AP Art History (Advanced Placement)

C702XF/C702XS            2 Semesters            2 Credits

Prerequisite:
This course is open to Honors sophomores, juniors and seniors. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is an equivalent to an introductory college art history survey. The focus will be on developing students’ art historical skills as they examine and analyze major forms of artistic expression from a variety of cultures from ancient times to the present. This course involves critical thinking and will develop an understanding and knowledge of diverse historical and cultural contexts of architecture, sculpture, painting and other mediums that are utilized throughout our world. Visual analysis is a fundamental tool for the art historian. The course will also emphasize understanding how and why the works of art function in a context, considering such issues as patronage, gender and the functions and effects of work of arts.

*Course Fee*


AP Research (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C163XF/C163XS            2 Semesters        2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Offered 2020-21. Open to juniors and seniors.

Course Description:
AP Research allows students to deeply explore an academic topic, problem or issue of individual interest. Students design, plan and conduct a year-long, ethical research-based investigation to address a research question. Students understand research methodology, document their processes and curate artifacts for their portfolio. The course culminates in an academic paper of 4,000 to 5,000 words accompanied by a performance or exhibition of the final product and a presentation with an oral defense.


AP Seminar (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C162XF/C162XS           2 Semesters            2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Academic or Honors Freshman English. Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors.

Course Description:
AP Seminar is a foundational, year-long course that engages students in cross-curricular conversations that explore the complexities of academic and real-world topics and issues. Using an inquiry framework, students practice reading and analyzing articles, research studies and foundational literary texts; listening to and viewing speeches, broadcasts and personal accounts; and experiencing artistic work and performances. Students synthesize information from multiple sources and develop their own perspectives in research-based essays and deliver oral and visual presentations, both individually and as part of a team. Students will develop skills needed to analyze and evaluate information and to craft and communicate evidence-based arguments.


Biology II, Other: AP Environmental Science (AP) (Advanced Placement)

C454XF/C454XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:
B or better in Biology I & Chemistry I/Physics I -or- successful completion of 1 semester of Academic Environmental Science. Students are required to take the AP exam in the Spring.

Course Description:
The goal of the AP Environmental Science course is to provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them . Environmental science is interdisciplinary; it embraces a wide variety of topics from different areas of study. Yet there are several major unifying constructs, or themes, that cut across the many topics included in the study of environmental science . The following themes provide a foundation for the structure of the AP Environmental Science course.

*Course Fee*


Biology, AP/IB (Advanced Placement) (IB)

C438IF/C438IS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:
One year of Biology I with a “B” or above, and with the recommendation of your previous Biology teacher or the department chair. Students are required to take the AP exam at the end of the course.

Course Description:
NOTE: This course requires completion of a summer assignment prior to the first day of school. AP Biology is a highly intensive college-level course designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement Biology exam and to provide exposure to a rigorous college-level curriculum. This course gives students an advanced-level background in all areas of Biology. The two main goals of AP Biology are to help students develop a conceptual framework for modern biology and to help students gain an appreciation of science as a process. The course covers a variety of topics ranging from the cell, biochemistry, genetics and human physiology to ecology, evolution and plant science.

*Course Fee*


Calculus AB, AP (Advanced Placement)

C042XF/C042XS                       2 Semesters                    2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Precalculus X and teacher recommendation. A graphing calculator is required (See calculator information under “Mathematics Department” above). Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring. (IB Diploma students are exempt from the AP exam requirement.)

Course Description:
Review and expand precalculus topics such as graphs and models, functions and their graphs, linear models and rates of change, and trig graphs and identities. Explore limits and their properties, continuity, basic differentiation rules with such applications as related rates, extrema, concavity, Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem, Newton’s Method and natural logarithms. Develop integration techniques and apply them in fields such as area, volumes, arc length and surface area of solids of revolution.

*Course Fee*


Calculus BC, AP (Advanced Placement)

C043XF/C043XS                       2 Semesters                    2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Calculus AB or teacher recommendation. A graphing calculator is required (See calculator information under “Mathematics Department” above). Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring. (IB Diploma students are exempt from the AP exam requirement.)

Course Description:
Explore all the topics of differential and integral AB Calculus with additional emphasis on integration techniques. The course also includes the study of slope fields, vectors, calculus on parametric and polar equations, including sequences, convergent and divergent series, power series, MacLaurin and Taylor Series, integrals in polar coordinates and slope-fields.

*Course Fee*


Chemistry, AP (Advanced Placement)

C447XF/C447XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:
One year of Biology I, one year of Honors Chemistry and concurrent enrollment in Precalculus or Calculus. All students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is a one year program (may be taken as a junior or senior). It provides an advanced treatment of topics in Chemistry designed in accordance with the course objectives of organization and Advanced Placement Chemistry curriculum. A college textbook is used as a supplement to the classroom lectures and laboratory experiments. The goal of this course is to allow students to pass the Advanced Placement Chemistry exam. Class time is arranged such that approximately 25% of the class time is spent on laboratory and problem-solving activities related to the laboratory experiments. The remaining 75% is lecture, inquiry based learning activities, and problem-solving. During the course, students will be expected to maintain and regularly update a laboratory notebook and keep up with corresponding readings in the textbook.

*Course Fee*


Computer Science A, AP (Advanced Placement)

C063XF/C063XS                      2 Semesters                2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Must have Computer Programming, Java or have permission of the instructor. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring. If only one semester is completed, then the semester completed becomes a semester of Java.

Course Description:
This course prepares students to successfully complete the Advanced Placement Computer Science examination (A) given by the College Board. Computing skills and object-oriented programming in Java is the focus of this course. Topics covered include classes, arrays, recursions, and graphical user interfaces.


Computer Science Principles, AP (Advanced Placement)

C069XF/C069XS                        2 Semesters                       2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Algegra 1. The course has a rigorous and rich curriculum that aims to broaden participation in computer science. Students are required to take the multiple choice portion of the AP exam in the spring, and to both create and submit two performance products as the course progresses.

Course Description:
AP Computer Science Principles offers a multidisciplinary approach to teaching the underlying principles of computation. The course will introduce students to the creative aspects of programming, abstractions, algorithms, large data sets, the Internet, cybersecurity concerns, and computing impacts. AP Computer Science Principles will give students the opportunity to use technology to address real-world problems and build relevant solutions. This course focuses on the innovative aspects of computing as well as the computational thinking practices that help students see how computing is relevant to many areas of their everyday lives.


English Language and Composition, AP (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C123XF/C123XS                 2 Semesters                     2 Credit

Prerequisite:
English 10X or permission of the instructor. This course is for juniors. Students are required to take the AP exam.

Course Description:
Analyze fiction and nonfiction prose written in a variety of periods, disciplines, and rhetorical contexts, with an emphasis on British literature, to become skilled writers who can compose for a variety of purposes. Examine the way traditional conventions and resources of language contribute to effective writing. The course emphasizes the expository, analytical, and argumentative writing through the critical analysis and interpretation of these texts. Student writings will encompass the use of argument, synthesis, and rhetorical strategies.


English Language and Composition, AP (Advanced Placement)

C130XS              1 Semester         1 Credit

Prerequisite:
English elective for Seniors only who have successfully completes Advanced Composition X. Students are required to take the AP exam.

Course Description:
The AP English Language and Composition course is designed to help students become skilled readers of nonfiction prose written in a variety of periods, disciplines, and rhetorical contexts and to become skilled writers who can compose for a variety of purposes. By their reading and writing in this course, students should become aware of the interactions among a writer’s purpose, audience expectation, and subject. They examine the way traditional conventions and resources of language contribute to effective writing. The course emphasizes the expository, analytical, and argumentative writing that forms the basis of academic and professional communication, as well as the personal reflective writing that fosters the ability to write in any context. The purpose of the AP Language and Composition course is to enable students to read complex texts with understanding and to write prose that demonstrates complex thought.

*Course Fee*


English Literature and Composition, AP (Advanced Placement) (Honors)

C115XF/C115XS                 2 Semesters                     2 Credit

Prerequisite:
Senior course for students previously enrolled in English X and Composition X with at least a “B” average and a teacher recommendation. Students who have successfully completed 11A have the option of taking the course only with the permission of the course instructor. A writing sample will be required. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
AP English Literature and Composition engages students in the careful reading and critical analysis of classical literature. The college-level course includes intensive study of The Iliad, The Odyssey, Oedipus the King, Dante’s Inferno, The Importance of Being Earnest, King Lear or Othello, and The Stranger. Writing is an integral part of the course. During the first semester, students write a five to seven-page literary research paper which negotiates differing critical perspectives. Students read two works independently over the course of the year and write papers over each work. Students who enroll in this course should be highly motivated and should work well independently and in small groups. Participation in class discussions is an essential element of this course. There is an additional fee for this course.

*Course Fee*


European History, AP (Advanced Placement)

C505XF/C505XS                              2 Semesters                      2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Open to sophomores, juniors or seniors. Students must be enrolled in English X or by permission of course instructor or Department Chair. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is a chronological study of the history of Europe from 1450 to the present day. The events of this history and the movements are explored through three themes: intellectual and cultural history, political and diplomatic history, and social and economic history. In addition to exposing students to the historical content listed above, an AP course should also train students to analyze and interpret primary sources, including documentary materials, maps, statistical tables, and pictorial and graphic evidence of historical events. The goals of the AP program in European History are to develop an understanding of some of the principal themes in modern European history, an ability to analyze historical evidence, and an ability to analyze and express historical understanding in writing. In this course writing assignments, research and outside readings will be required.

*Course Fee*


French V, AP (Advanced Placement)

C215XF/C215XS

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of French IV, IB or equivalent or permission of teacher. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement French exam. The objectives of the course are for students to develop a strong command of vocabulary and structure, an ability to understand the spoken language in various conversational situations, an ability to read newspaper and magazine articles, contemporary fiction, non-technical writings without the use of a dictionary, and the ability to express ideas orally and in writing. This course seeks to develop language skills that are useful and that can be applied to various activities and disciplines. Training in organizing and writing compositions is emphasized.

*Course Fee*


German V, AP (Advanced Placement)

C225XF/C225XS

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of German IV, IB or equivalent or permission of teacher. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement German exam. The objectives of the course are for students to develop a strong command of vocabulary and structure, an ability to understand the spoken language in various conversational situations, an ability to read newspaper and magazine articles, contemporary fiction, non-technical writings without the use of a dictionary, and the ability to express ideas orally and in writing. This course seeks to develop language skills that are useful and that can be applied to various activities and disciplines. Training in organizing and writing compositions is emphasized.

*Course Fee*


Human Geography, AP (Advanced Placement)

C501XF/C501XS                              2 Semesters                      2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Prerequisite: This course is open to Honors sophomores and motivated juniors and seniors. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
AP Human Geography is designed to be a college introductory geography class. Major focus of the class is on the standards established by the College Board for AP Human Geography. Students will be introduced to the basic concepts of human geography and will be provided with a geographic framework for the analysis of current world problems. This course develops students’ ability to ask geographic questions, acquire, organize, and analyze geographic information, and answer geographic questions. Students will be introduced to a geographic information system (ArcView) as a method for dealing with geographic data. Some writing assignments, research and outside readings will be required.

*Course Fee*


Macroeconomics, AP/IB (Advanced Placement) (IB)

C547XF/C547XS                              1 Semester                      1 Credit

Prerequisite:
Open to seniors only. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
FOR AP STUDENTS: AP Macroeconomics is a one semester course that focuses on the economy as a whole. Macroeconomics is the study of measures of economic performance like unemployment, inflation, national income accounting, etc. Special attention is focused on basic economic concepts, measurement of economic performance, national income and price determination, the financial sector, inflation unemployment and stabilization policies, economic growth and productivity, and international trade and finance. If students are choosing between this course and AP Microeconomics, those who are more interested in international relations, politics, the influence of the Federal Reserve, and how government affects the economy as a whole, AP Macroeconomics will be more interesting. Some student projects assigned in this course will include a stock market simulation, monopoly boards representing other countries economies, and creation of a personal and/or family budget. FOR IB STUDENTS: All of the above applies. This is the second semester of the IB Economics sequence. The aim of this course, its curriculum, and content is to develop the IB learner profile traits and encourage students to be communicators, knowledgeable, open-minded, risk-takers, balanced, thinkers, inquirers, principled, caring, and reflective.

*Course Fee*


Latin V, AP (Advanced Placement)

C235XF/C235XS

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Latin IV, IB or equivalent or permission of teacher. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course will prepare the students for the Advanced Placement exam. Students will increase their proficiency in listening, reading, writing and speaking.

*Course Fee*


Microeconomics, AP/IB (Advanced Placement) (IB)

C545XF/C545XS                              1 Semester                      1 Credit

Prerequisite:
Open to seniors only. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
FOR AP STUDENTS: The purpose of this course is to give students a thorough understanding of the principles of economics that apply to the functions of individual decision makers, both consumers and producers, within the economic system. It places primary emphasis on the nature and functions of product markets and includes the study of factor markets and of the role of government in promoting greater efficiency and equity in the economy. AP Microeconomics focuses on how economic decisions are made by individual people, businesses, and government. This course focuses on the individual markets and how businesses are structured and compete against one another. If students are looking to choose between this and AP Macroeconomics, those who are interested in business and accounting would enjoy this course more. While in this course, students will partake in class discussions, debates, simulations, and small group interactions. Some student projects assigned in this course will include a stock market simulation, entrepreneurship group project that creates a business, and creation of a personal and/or family budget. FOR IB STUDENTS: All of the above applies. This is the first semester of the IB Economics sequence. The aim of this course, its curriculum, and content is to develop the IB learner profile traits and encourage students to be communicators, knowledgeable, open-minded, risk-takers, balanced, thinkers, inquirers, principled, caring, and reflective.

*Course Fee*


Music Theory, AP (Advanced Placement)

C728XS             1 Semester           1 Credit

Prerequisite:
Grade of “B” or better in Music Theory and with instructor’s approval. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
AP Theory is a continuation of Music Theory I and will be offered second semester. A student who takes both Music Theory I and AP Music Theory will be prepared to take the Advanced Placement Exam for Music Theory. AP Theory will expand concepts explored in Music Theory I with additional practice in ear training, sight singing, and rhythmic and melodic dictation. The course integrates aspects of melody, harmony, texture, form, history and style. The course progresses to include creative tasks, such as the harmonization of a melody, composing a musical bass line, and the realization of figured-bass notation. Additional course objective include study of secondary dominants, compositional forms, chord modulations, in-depth melodic structure and composition, and general review of baroque, classical, romantic and early twentieth-century terms, styles, and characteristics.


Psychology AP (Advanced Placement)

C550XF/C550XS                              2 Semesters                      2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
AP Psychology is a two semester course designed for college-bound seniors who wish to earn a college credit for Introductory Psychology or wish to explore Psychology in greater depth than a traditional high school course. To accomplish this, the course provides instruction in each of the following 14 content areas: History and Approaches, Research Methods, Biological Bases of Behavior, Sensation and Perception, States of Consciousness, Learning, Cognition, Motivation and Emotion, Developmental Psychology, Personality, Testing and Individual Differences, Abnormal Psychology, Treatment of Psychological Disorders, and Social Psychology. The goals of this course are to teach the foundation for the study of psychology, to teach skills necessary for a successful collegiate academic career, including critical thinking, language and study skills and prepare students for successful performance on the Advanced Placement exam for Psychology.

*Course Fee*


Spanish V, AP (Advanced Placement)

C245XF/C245XS

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Spanish IV, IB or equivalent or permission of teacher. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement Spanish exam. The objectives of the course are for students to develop a strong command of vocabulary and structure, an ability to understand the spoken language in various conversational situations, an ability to read newspaper and magazine articles, contemporary fiction, non-technical writings without the use of a dictionary, and the ability to express ideas orally and in writing. This course seeks to develop language skills that are useful and that can be applied to various activities and disciplines. Training in organizing and writing compositions is emphasized.

*Course Fee*


Spanish VI, AP (Advanced Placement)

C249XF/C249XS

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Spanish V, AP or equivalent or permission of teacher.

Course Description:
This course is designed to prepare the students for the Advanced Placement/International Baccalaureate exam. The objectives of the course are for the students to be able to understand a lecture in Spanish on a literary topic. Furthermore, the student will be able to assess and analyze passages predominantly of prose, poetry and drama. The texts chosen include selections from contemporary writings as well as from works written in the past. The required authors are Jorge Luis Borges, Federico Garcia Lorca, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Ana Maria Matute and Miguel de Unamuno. Emphasis is placed on reading, listening, writing and speaking skills. The aim of this course, its curriculum, and content is to develop the IB learner profile traits and encourage students to be communicators, knowledgeable, open-minded, risk-takers, balanced, thinkers, inquirers, principled, caring, and reflective.

*Course Fee*


Statistics, AP (Advanced Placement)

C044XF/C044XS                       2 Semesters                    2 Credits

Prerequisite:
Successful completion of Algebra II X or an “A” or “B” in Algebra II A and teacher recommendation. A graphing calculator is required (See calculator information under “Mathematics Department” above). Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
Learn to summarize data using graphs and numerical summaries by emphasizing how to use the formulas used in the study of statistics. Interpret data in the context of real-world problems and explore how to appropriately collect data. Design experiments to generate data, and then use probability to make conclusions about populations based on acquired samples.

*Course Fee*


U.S. Government & Politics, AP (Advanced Placement)

C591XF/C591XS                              1 Semester                      1 Credit

Prerequisite:
Open to Juniors and Seniors. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring. Students must have completed U.S. History before taking this class.

Course Description:
This course is designed to give students an analytical perspective on government and politics in the United States. This course involves both the study of general concepts used to interpret U.S. politics and the analysis of specific case studies. It also requires familiarity with the various institutions, groups, beliefs, and ideas that constitute U.S. political reality. The following is covered in the course curriculum: political theory, constitutional underpinnings of United States government, political beliefs and behaviors that lead individuals to vote a certain way, the influence of political parties, interest groups, and mass media on elections and government, the institutions of the national government such as Congress, the Presidency, Bureaucracy, and Federal Courts, and a study of individual civil rights and civil liberties through case law. While in class, students will participate in mock simulations, debates, and discussions over historical application of constitutional principles as well as current events. Being abreast of what is happening in the news will also be an important part to class.

*Course Fee*


U.S. Government & Politics, AP/We the People (Advanced Placement)

C506XF                              1 Semester                      1 Credit

Prerequisite:
Open to Juniors and Seniors Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring. Students must have completed U.S. History before taking this class.

Course Description:
In this college level course, “We The People” (“WTP”) students will study the foundations, political theories, and practices of the U.S. government as they relate to and evolve from the United States’ Constitution. As such, U.S. case law is often used as the principal means to understand the development of our government. Students will be guided through the process of analyzing court opinions. The case law, along with textbook and outside readings, will develop the following core curriculum topics: philosophical and historical foundations of the American political system; how our framers created our Constitution; how the Constitution has changed to further the ideals of our Declaration of Independence; how values and principles embodied in the Constitution have changed American institutions and practices; rights that are protected under our Bill of Rights; and, challenges facing our American constitutional democracy in the 21st century. WTP students will participate in structured discussions and debates, as well as prepare written papers which will be orally presented at the end of the semester to local attorneys and judges to simulate a congressional hearing. The course will conclude with a traditional in-class final examination. This course will only be offered in the fall semester in order to accommodate years in which the Cathedral team enters the outside “WTP” competition.

*Course Fee*


U.S. History, AP (Advanced Placement)

C523XF/C523XS                          2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:
AP or Honors World History, AP European History, or AP Human Geography or with teacher recommendation. Open to juniors. Summer reading notes assignment over textbook Chapters One through Four distributed to enrolled students by second week of JUNE. Assignments are DUE the first Friday of the fall semester. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
This course is designed to provide students with analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in United States history. Students will learn to assess historical materials – their relevance to a given interpretive problem, their reliability, and their importance – and to weigh the evidence and interpretation presented in historical scholarship. The course develops the student’s skills necessary to arrive at conclusions on the basis of an informed judgment and to present reasons and evidence clearly and persuasively in an essay format.

*Course Fee*


World History, AP (Advanced Placement)

C511XF/C511XS                          2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:
This course is open to Honors English freshmen, Pre-IB students, freshmen scoring 95% or above on the placement test or with teacher recommendation. Students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:
The AP World History course is designed to engage students in the careful reading and critical analysis of historic materials. The course includes an intensive study of history from 1200 through the present. Along with in-class lecture and discussion, the students will be required to engage in outside reading related to the class subject matter. Writing will be an integral part of AP World History. In preparing for courses at the college level, students will learn how to write analytically and understand materials in a historic frame of mind.