Science

The Science Department seeks to provide a variety of courses to serve the needs of Cathedral High School students.  Science Department offerings vary in both depth and scope.  Honors, Academic and College Prep levels are taught, and students may enroll in these classes based upon the prerequisites they meet, teacher recommendation, individual interest and individual performance in previous science course work. Students who fail the first semester of a two-semester sequential science course will not move to the second semester of that course until the first semester has been passed. The department may waive this policy in unusual situations.


Biology I (College Prep)

C420CF/C420CS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Open to freshmen in College Prep English

Course Description:

This course examines the nature of life and provides an explanation for the basic properties and activities of living organisms. Topics covered are scientific process, characteristics of life, biochemistry, cellular biology, physiological processes of unicellular and multicellular organisms, reproduction, genetics, heredity, ecology, and evolution. Many hands-on laboratory investigations and activities are incorporated into the course as well as group work, writing activities and technology integration.


Biology I (Academic)

C420AF/C420AS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Recommended to students enrolled in Academic English 

Course Description:

This course examines the nature of life and provides an explanation for the basic properties and activities of living organisms. Topics covered are scientific process, characteristics of life, biochemistry, cellular biology, physiological processes of unicellular and multicellular organisms, reproduction, genetics, heredity, ecology, and evolution. Many hands-on laboratory investigations and activities are incorporated into the course as well as group work, writing activities and technology integration.


Biology I (Honors)

C420XF/C420XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Open only to students who are concurrently enrolled in an Honors English class.

Course Description:

This course encompasses the basic underlying principles of Biology including an in-depth study of the nature of science, the characteristics of life, biochemistry, cellular biology, physiological processes of unicellular and multicellular organisms, reproduction, genetics, heredity, ecology, and evolution. Laboratory experiences including a dissection are an integral part of this class. Technology integration, group and individual work, oral and written activities, and class discussions are also incorporated into this course. The depth, pace, and expectations of this course will be high.


ICP: Physical Science (Academic)

C455AF/C455AS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

None. Open to freshman and sophomores, recommended prior to biology 1 and/or chemistry 1.

Course Description:

This class is geared toward our creative problem solvers. We will introduce a laboratory based curriculum in which the students use concepts of design thinking to create a hands on learning experience. ICP  is a course in which students develop problem solving skills and strategies while performing laboratory and field investigations of fundamental chemical, physical, and engineering concepts and principles that are related to students’ interests and that address everyday problems. 


Chemistry I (Academic)

C430AF/C430AS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Geometry (may be taken concurrently)

Course Description:

This course covers those topics that are deemed essential for having a basic understanding of Chemistry. These topics include the factor-label method, scientific notation, significant figures and uncertainty, writing formulas, nomenclature, equation balancing, the mole concept, stoichiometry and limiting reactants, atomic theory and structure of the atom, ionic and covalent bonding, dot diagrams, shapes of molecules, the periodic table, reaction prediction, energy and chemical reactions, solutions, gas laws and nuclear chemistry.


Chemistry I (Honors)

C430XF/C430XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

  • Honors Algebra II for honors chemistry is highly recommended. A scientific calculator is required.

Course Description:

This course covers essentially the same material as Chemistry A but in greater depth and at an accelerated pace. Additional topics may be covered, and additional laboratory investigations will be undertaken. The proper method of scientific writing is emphasized more than in first year chemistry courses and lab reports, essays, additional outside reading assignments and a term paper are options that the instructor may employ to help teach students how to communicate effectively in the area of science. A certain amount of memorization that is not required in Academic chemistry is also required of Honors Chemistry students.


Physics I (Academic)

C440AF/C440AS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Algebra I completed. Recommended: Concurrent enrollment in at least Algebra II. 

Course Description:

The goal of this course is to demonstrate to students that Physics can be fun and to encourage the pursuit of physics courses at the college level. Topics deemed essential to adequately introduce students to physics will be taught. Areas of discussion include Newton’s Laws of Motion and Universal Gravitation, forces, fields, energy, momentum, power, charge, electricity, magnetism, sound, light, atoms and nuclear concerns. Other topics that may arise include: quantum concepts, relativity, thermodynamics, cosmology, and even possibly ‘string theory’ or the search to unify all forces. Students will perform laboratory exercises, learning to manipulate equipment and collect data both by physical senses and with data software.


 Physics, AP 1

C442XF/C442XS                       2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

  • Recommended concurrent enrollment in honors Algebra II.

Course Description:

The AP physics program at Cathedral is a primarily algebra based, introductory college-level physics course. Students cultivate their understanding of physics through inquiry-based investigations as they explore topics in AP 1 (systems, fields, force interactions, change, conservation, and waves). Students who sign up for AP physics must take the corresponding AP exam at the end of the year for potential college credit.


Physics, AP 2

C443XF/C443XS                       2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

AP physics 1

Course Description:

Students cultivate their understanding of physics through inquiry-based investigations as they explore topics in AP 2 (fluids; thermodynamics; electrical force, field, and potential; electric circuits; magnetism and electromagnetic induction; geometric and physical optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics) utilizing AP physics 1 as a foundation. 


Biology II, Other: Zoology (Academic)

C427AF/C427AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

One year of Biology I.

Course Description:

This class is a combination of vertebrate and invertebrate zoology. A study of the major phyla of the animal kingdom emphasizing the evolutionary progress from simple to more complex organisms will be conducted. The similarities and differences among animals will be studied through many dissections observing the internal and external anatomy of various animals and the physiology of systems and organs. Students will be required to dissect individually. Individual and group projects may also be required.


Biology II, Other: Anatomy and Physiology I (Academic)

C428AF/C428AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

One year of Biology I

Course Description:

This biological elective is an extension of first-year biology. The content of the course will be limited to the study of the structure and function of the human body. A detailed semester-long laboratory dissection of a cat will be an integral part of the course. Computer, laboratory, written and oral activities will also be included. Any student interested or planning to pursue a degree in medicine or nursing should strongly consider taking both semesters of Anatomy.


Biology II, Other: Anatomy and Physiology II (Academic)

C431AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

One year of Biology I and Biology II, Other: Anatomy and Physiology I.

Course Description:

This course is a continuation of Anatomy and Physiology I. The content of the course will be a further study of the structure and function of the human body. Animal dissections and other laboratory work will be an integral part of this course. Any student interested or planning to pursue a degree in medicine or nursing should strongly consider taking both semesters of Anatomy.


Biology II, Other: Anatomy and Physiology III (Academic)

C453AF/C453AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

One year of biology, Anatomy and Physiology I and II.

Course Description:

This course is a continuation of Anatomy I and II. The content of this course will be a further study of the structure and function of the human body, including the reproductive system, endocrine system, nervous system, and others. Animal dissections and other laboratory work will be an integral part of this course. Any student interested in the medical field should take all three semesters of anatomy and physiology. Only students who have successfully completed Anatomy I and II may take this class. Space is limited to the first 24 students.


Forensic Science (Academic)

C402AF/C402AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

Recommended: Completion of Chemistry

Course Description:

Forensic science is a course which applies basic biological, chemical and physical science principles and technological practices to the purpose of criminal investigation and justice. Major themes of study in this course include analysis of chemicals found in drugs, blood spatter, DNA, trace evidence and fingerprints. The class primarily focuses on laboratory investigations and writing. For this reason, excellent attendance is crucial to the successful completion of this class.


Biology II, Other: Environmental Science (Academic)

C451AS                        1 Semester                         1 Credit

Prerequisite:

1 Year of Biology.

Course Description:

This course will discuss many topics within the environmental science realm; it involves understanding the ‘big picture’ of all aspects of the world and how they are interrelated. The first half of the course will cover several different topics focusing on how environmental processes have led to patterns of life on Earth and then how these patterns shaped human, social, and economic development, particularly paying attention to natural resource use. They will be responsible for utilizing the scientific method in their research and at the end of the semester will share their ideas with others in the class. Students will be challenged to critically think about the issues at hand, and will leave the class with the 21st century tools for succeeding in scientific research and writing in college.


Chemistry II, Other: Organic Chemistry (Honors)

C432XF/432XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Enrollment in or successful completion of Algebra II A or Algebra II X and successful completion of first year Chemistry with a grade of “C” or above and recommendation of a Science teacher.

Course Description:

This course involves a survey of the major functional groups found in organic molecules and studies how such groups can be interconverted via various chemical reactions. The reactions that occur between these different functional groups are also discussed. Additional topics such as oxidation-reduction, acid-base theory, consumer chemistry, environmental concerns and historical perspectives are addressed within the context of the course as time permits. Students are expected to save their first year chemistry textbook, their classroom notebook and any reference sheets they were given by the instructor. Laboratory work encompasses about one-half of the allotted class time. Students coming from first year chemistry classes will be expected to commit the metric system to memory.


Biology, AP

C438IF/C438IS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

One year of Biology I. Recommended for students with a “B” or above in Biology I. Students are required to take the AP exam at the end of the course.

Course Description:

NOTE: This course requires completion of a summer assignment prior to the first day of school. AP Biology is a highly intensive college-level course designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement Biology exam and to provide exposure to a rigorous college-level curriculum. This course gives students an advanced-level background in all areas of Biology. The two main goals of AP Biology are to help students develop a conceptual framework for modern biology and to help students gain an appreciation of science as a process. The course covers a variety of topics ranging from the cell, biochemistry, genetics and human physiology to ecology, evolution and plant science.

*Course Fee*


Chemistry, AP (Advanced Placement)

C447XF/C447XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

One year of Biology I, one year of Honors Chemistry and concurrent enrollment in Precalculus or Calculus. All students are required to take the AP exam in the spring.

Course Description:

This course is a one year program (may be taken as a junior or senior). It provides an advanced treatment of topics in Chemistry designed in accordance with the course objectives of organization and Advanced Placement Chemistry curriculum. A college textbook is used as a supplement to the classroom lectures and laboratory experiments. The goal of this course is to allow students to pass the Advanced Placement Chemistry exam. Class time is arranged such that approximately 25% of the class time is spent on laboratory and problem-solving activities related to the laboratory experiments. The remaining 75% is lecture, inquiry based learning activities, and problem-solving. During the course, students will be expected to maintain and regularly update a laboratory notebook and keep up with corresponding readings in the textbook.

*Course Fee*


Biology II, Other: AP Environmental Science (AP) (Advanced Placement)

C454XF/C454XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

B or better in Biology I & Chemistry I/Physics I -or- successful completion of 1 semester of Academic Environmental Science. Students are required to take the AP exam in the Spring.

Course Description:

The goal of the AP Environmental Science course is to provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them . Environmental science is interdisciplinary; it embraces a wide variety of topics from different areas of study. Yet there are several major unifying constructs, or themes, that cut across the many topics included in the study of environmental science . The following themes provide a foundation for the structure of the AP Environmental Science course.

*Course Fee*


Biology II, Other: Sports and Exercise Health Science

C460IF/C460IS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Biology I – 1 year of Anatomy & Physiology (can be concurrent)

Course Description:

.The sports, exercise, and health science (SEHS) course incorporates the disciplines of anatomy and physiology, biomechanics, psychology and nutrition, which are studied in the context of sport, exercise and health. A combination of syllabus content and experimental work provides the opportunity for students to acquire the knowledge and understanding necessary to apply scientific principles and analyze human performance. The comprehensive curriculum provides excellent preparation for university courses including those specifically related to Sport, Sports Science or Physical Education.

*Course Fee*


Science Projects, Techniques or Directed Research (Honors)

C450XF/C450XS                        2 Semesters                         2 Credits

Prerequisite:

Two years of science with a “B” average or above, acceptance of a proposal and availability of a mentor, & recommendation/approval of department chair.

Course Description:

This course gives the self-motivated student a chance to do independent research in any area of science of interest to the student. Students must submit a research proposal five weeks before the end of the school year prior to the school year in which the proposed project/research is to be undertaken and secure the assistance of a faculty mentor. In directed research, the research ideas come from the instructor and are researched and investigated by the student. Please note that this course only generates one credit for the entire school year.